This title of specialist in regulations, operations, qualification and certification of RPAS was born as a concrete needed requested by the companies agreed with the Master of RPAS of the UHU, more than 20, so that it is a training proposal in the field and tutelage of the Master, but independent of it. That is, the student can take this degree without having any type of administrative or academic link with the Master.
Due to the necessary interrelation and tutelage between the proposed degree and the Master of RPAS of the UHU, the Academic Committee is the same for both degrees.
The field of operation of an RPAS can be all airspace (controlled and uncontrolled), which is why knowledge of the air traffic system (air traffic management) and automatic flight control systems is necessary. On the other hand, the RPAS require specific landing and take off operations, in addition to being equipped with their own systems for flight and recovery. A good part of the RPAS operation can be trained through simulators.
The civil or military operation that an RPAS can carry out depends on the payload that it has on board, from being armed to equipped with sophisticated sensors for surveillance, intelligence and control missions. Therefore, the knowledge and shipment of payloads is essential, as well as the knowledge and management of control systems on land, ship or other aircraft, since that is where the RPAS pilot and the operator of their payment charge are located. Of course, the knowledge and management of communication systems and networks is also essential, since the wireless umbilical cord that unites the RPAS with its pilot and operator of the payment load that has been shipped is the communications link.
Given that the field of operation of a RPAS can be all the airspace, it is necessary to carry out certification, qualification, research and development processes that allow the integration of this type of aircraft in the non-segregated airspace, so that it can operate, sharing airspace, with current conventional aircraft, whose crew is shipped.
It is important to emphasize that the RPAS have to adapt to the current operation of the airspace and not the other way around. For this, it is necessary to have a qualification plan for navigation equipment, avionics and payloads, as well as their certification to guarantee the correct integration of them and the validation of all of them, by means of the corresponding qualification certificate of the integration. The final certification that will allow the full integration of the RPAS and its complete operation in the non-segregated airspace must be preceded by an integration plan (qualification, certification, development and guarantee of security against illegal acts that allow taking control of the aircraft) with the corresponding tests, as means of compliance, covering the basis of certification, qualification and industrial objectives.
For this it is necessary to carry out said activity in properly instrumented test centers. These must have sufficient instrumentation, such as can be found in the CIAR, CEDEA and CEUS centers of the National Institute for Aerospace Technology. Said instrumentation will allow to comply with the previous step that validates said systems. Once validated, they must be integrated from the conventional operational mode in the control centers (ATC).
The certification concept for an RPAS does not end only when its type certificate is issued. It is necessary to guarantee the operation of the aircraft. The way to guarantee it is based on ensuring its basic airworthiness conditions.
The qualification concept for an RPAS involves several stages/processes. To begin with, there is the hardware qualification that one wishes to embark on RPAS systems. Subsequently, it must be verified that once installed on the aircraft, the system by itself complies with the specifications, in addition to its compatibility between the different systems on board and the aircraft itself. Finally, once both processes have been verified, the aircraft must be qualified in its whole. That is why the qualification has to fulfill several objectives. On the one hand, the declaration of conformity with the specifications at the level of equipment prescribed, and on the other with compliance with the specifications for the mission for which it was designed once it has already been integrated into the aircraft. The specialist must know how to apply the qualification plan and its means of compliance. Especially the actions that the hardware has to provide and the tests that have to be carried out.
This degree does not have national or international comparisons, so its competitive advantages are huge.
In Spain, the only qualifying and certifying center of aircrafts is the INTA, therefore this training action is only possible with teachers of said entity.